I. V. Stalin
I. V. Stalin

Even during the life of I. V. Stalin, the “museumification” of his biography began. After the death of the leader it was supposed to turn the Near Dacha in Volynskoe, where he lived for the last decades, into a memorial museum. However, immediately after the funeral of the leader L.P. Beria ordered to remove all personal belongings and furnishings from the Dacha, placing a children’s sanatorium here.

After the arrest of Beria, the Central Committee of the CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) adopted a resolution on turning the Dacha into a memorial museum modeled on the Museum of V.I. Lenin in Gorki. The staff of the Central Museum of V.I. Lenin took an active part in the creation of a new museum. Since the end of 1953, excursions have been held here for groups of party schools students, but the museum has not been opened for general public.

After N. S. Khrushchev’s report at the 20th Party Congress in February 1956, a large-scale campaign was launched to remove Stalin’s image and name from the Soviet public space. In 1961, the Museum’s exposition was dismantled, and all Stalin’s personal belongings and gifts were moved to the warehouses of the Economic Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. In 1962, part of this collection was transferred to the Central Museum of V.I. Lenin.

These are everyday items, personal belongings of Stalin, including the Marshal’s uniform in which he reviewed the Victory Parade in June 1945.

Photo and film documents, works of painting and graphics have created in consciousness of several generations the unalterable image of the leader – I.V. Stalin with a pipe. The collection of the Lenin Museum contains 25 smoking pipes that belonged to Stalin. Most of them were presented to the head of the Soviet state for the 70th anniversary in 1949.